How to install MongoDB on Ubuntu 18.04

MongoDB is a free and open-source, NoSQL document database mostly used in modern web applications. It is mainly structured for great performance data persistence, more available and automatic scaling, Under MongoDB, a record refers to a document, which is a data design that has field and value pairs (MongoDB documents are comparable to JSON objects).
It offers amazing performance and quality scalability features making it useful in creating modern applications that need powerful, high-availability and mission-critical databases.

In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to install MongoDB, its service management and installing basic authentication on Ubuntu 18.04. To install MongoDB, follow the steps below

1. Add the MongoDB repository

Although MongoDB comes already included in Ubuntu package repositories, the official repository provides an up-to-date version and comes highly recommended as the best way of installing MongoDB.

We’ll first import the GPG key to verify the authenticity of MongoDB repository.

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv EA312927

After adding the key you’ll get the following output

Executing: /tmp/tmp.c09MuVaMkG/ --keyserver
gpg: requesting key EA312927 from hkp server
gpg: key EA312927: public key "MongoDB 3.2 Release Signing Key <>" imported
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg:               imported: 1  (RSA: 1)

Next, we’ll add the MongoDB repository so that apt will know where to get the MongoDB packages from

echo "deb xenial/mongodb-org/3.2 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.2.list

After appending the repository packages, update the packages list

apt-get update

2. Install and verify MongoDB

Install MongoDB package by running the following command

sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org

This will install many packages contanining the latest version of MongoDB alongside other useful management tools

Preparing to unpack .../mongodb-org_3.2.20_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking mongodb-org (3.2.20) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.5-1) ...
Setting up mongodb-org-shell (3.2.20) ...
Setting up mongodb-org-server (3.2.20) ...
Adding system user `mongodb' (UID 112) ...
Adding new user `mongodb' (UID 112) with group `nogroup' ...
Not creating home directory `/home/mongodb'.
Adding group `mongodb' (GID 116) ...
Adding user `mongodb' to group `mongodb' ...
Adding user mongodb to group mongodb
Setting up mongodb-org-mongos (3.2.20) ...
Setting up mongodb-org-tools (3.2.20) ...
Setting up mongodb-org (3.2.20) ...

Start MongoDB service using systemd

systemctl start mongodb

To check the status on MongoDB, run

systemctl status mongod


● mongod.service - High-performance, schema-free document-oriented database
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; disabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Mon 2018-07-23 20:09:15 UTC; 14s ago
 Main PID: 5171 (mongod)
    Tasks: 19
   Memory: 33.4M
      CPU: 106ms
   CGroup: /system.slice/mongod.service
           └─5171 /usr/bin/mongod --quiet --config /etc/mongod.conf

Jul 23 20:09:15 ip-172-31-21-90 systemd[1]: Started High-performance, schema-free document-oriented database.

To enable MongoDB to start automatically on boot run

systemctl enable mongod

If you wish to stop the service , run

systemctl stop mongod

3. Configure Firewall (Optional)

By default MongoDB listens on port 27017 permitting access from everywhere you can use.

sudo ufw allow 27017

Allowing access to MongoDB from everywhere provides non-restricted access to the database data. So, it’s good to offer access to particular IP address location to default MongoDB’s port using following command.

sudo ufw allow from your_server_IP/32 to any port 27017 

Verify the changes using ufw as shown

sudo ufw status

It’s only by default that the port 27017 listens on the local address To permit remote MongoDB links, you need to include your server IP address in /etc/mongodb.conf configuration file as shown.

bind_ip =,your_server_ip
#port = 27017

Save the file, close the editor, and start again MongoDB.

sudo systemctl restart mongodb

That’s all we had for today. Feel free and welcome to install MongoDB and give us your thoughts.

About James

Hey there! This is James, a Linux administrator and a tech enthusiast. I love experimenting with various distributions of Linux and keeping tabs on what's new in the Linux world.
Deploy a managed hourly billed Cloud Server!
Read More